Friday, July 12, 2013

Five Essential Elements for Great Audiobook Narration

Narration can make or break an audiobook. No matter how excellent the writing, how exciting the story, how deep the characters, if it's narrated poorly, it makes for a bad listening experience. Below are my top five requirements for great audiobook narration. What other elements do you look for in a satisfying audiobook?

Title links lead to places you can hear excerpts.

1. Authentic Gender Voicing
I tend to favor female narrators, and that has a lot to do with how they voice male characters. For some reason, many male narrators feel like the best way to make their voices sound feminine is to be breathy. Really, really breathy. Like they've just run several yards and could use a drink of water. Or like they're slightly aroused, even. This technique almost always makes the woman sound weak, like she might faint at any moment. I'm listening to Inferno by Dan Brown, and narrator Paul Michael falls into this trap, hard. Female narrators don't falter as much when voicing characters of the opposite sex. Usually a slight change in pitch is enough. Even if the character doesn't sound completely male, at least he sounds human and in full control of his faculties.


Example: Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone by J. K. Rowling, narrated by Jim Dale
Jim Dale is one of the few male narrators who I think does justice to female voices. His female characters never sound weak unless they're written that way. I know people are divided with him, particularly on how he voices Hermione, but I love him. All of his characters in the Harry Potter series (and there are hundreds) sound distinct. His Luna is appropriately dreamy without becoming a caricature, and his McGonagall is fierce and a little old and quite stern and just overall wonderful.

2. Voice Variation
I don't need a fully-voiced audiobook, but I think some differentiation among character voices is essential, even if it's just a slight change in pitch or tone.

Example: The Savage Fortress by Sarwat Chadda, narrated by Bruce Mann
Mann wisely chooses not to completely transform his voice for the characters in Chadda's story. When he voices characters, it's clear it's still his own voice, but there's just enough differentiation between his normal narrating voice and the character to distinguish the character, to make her or him memorable and easily recognizable. I thought his voicing of the rakshasa Parvati was especially good - her voice has just a bit of a hiss to it, and he slows down his speech just a tad for her. My review

3. Authentic Accents
This one is pretty self-explanatory. A bad accent can completely ruin a book, particularly if it's used frequently. A good accent will pull you even further into the story, adding dimension to both character and setting. Accurate national as well as regional accents are important. People's ability to judge accuracy varies, but what's important is that it sounds right to the listener. (Although inaccurate stereotypes, even if they "sound fine" to the listener, should be avoided!)

Example: Crocodile on the Sandbank by Elizabeth Peters, narrated by Barbara Rosenblat
Rosenblat juggles English, Arabic, and American accents in this series about female Egyptologist Amelia Peabody. Amelia is an Englishwoman who tells the story in first person, so it's mostly done in an English accent. Rosenblat does it so well that I did not know for years that she herself is an American, with a natural American accent.




Honorable Mention: The Freedom Maze by Delia Sherman, narrated by Robin Miles
There's an interview at the end of the audiobook where Sherman mentions that she knew Miles was the right narrator for the job since she pronounced "Grandmama" the proper Southern way. Miles voices the entirely Southern cast (some black, some white) without stooping to stereotypical or exaggerated depictions. My review
 
4. Smooth Editing
All the pieces of the narration should fall together smoothly. There shouldn't be any irregular gaps in time between sentences or chapters. It should seem like the narrator recorded the whole story in one go, without pausing to eat a sandwich or visit the restroom or pick up the kids from school. There shouldn't be any static or strange background noise. An audiobook with poor editing will sometimes have sections that are louder than others (probably the issue I notice most frequently).

Example: The Golden Compass by Philip Pullman, narrated by the author and a full cast
It's much easier to come up with a non-example in this category, since good editing should be something you don't even notice. It's when the editing is bad that it stands out. That said, anything that incorporates as many different narrators as a Full Cast Audio production does and does it without a hitch deserves to be recognized. The Golden Compass is one of their best.



5. Narrator Enjoyment
This is more difficult to pin down. Narrator enjoyment of the story leads to natural, unforced changes in tone, pace, pitch, volume, and so on. It makes the listening experience interesting and fulfilling. It's obvious when a narrator isn't enjoying the story he's telling. There's no emotion behind his words, no oomph to the action scenes, no  swoon during the kissing scenes, no cracked voices during the sad parts. I want a narrator who is so caught up in the story that she makes me caught up too. I want a narrator who makes me feel all the feelings, who can take a possibly mediocre story and turn it into something that makes you sob in the parking lot as you finish the last disc before heading in to do the shopping.

Example: Level 2 by Lenore Appelhans, narrated by Jenna Lamia
Lamia is known in the audiobook world for having a spot-on teenage girl voice. I was very impressed with her rendition of Level 2, a book that relies heavily on flashbacks. I don't generally enjoy flashbacks (actually I actively try to avoid them), but Lamia's narration, fraught with love and yearning and regret and all of those other delicious emotions, made me care intensely about them. I fully believed she was the voice of Felicia, and I fully believed she was just as hooked on the story as I was.

11 comments:

  1. I listen to audio books a LOT (I commute 1.5-2 hours for work so I have quiet a lot of time) and I agree with your comments on accents. Australian in particular really grinds my gears when it's done poorly. I would also say that if the narrator has an accent I don't want it to be too heavy. A good reader with an accent is the male reader in City of Fallen Angels. He has some sort of accent (Australian maybe?) but it's not heavy so I actually really dig his reading style. I find audio books of British authors to be too heavily accented a lot of the time. The reader for Clockwork Angel was just ridiculous though. Her English accents were so over the top it was like a caricature of what English people sound like.

    Also, I really, really hate it when the reader has a weird lisp (such as the reader of The Host, terrible voice!) or when I can hear the reader swallowing their spit. GROSS.

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    1. Oh the swallowing gets me too. Not pleasant.

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  2. I agree with all your points, although I'm one of those who doesn't like Jim Dale's Hermione voice. I do think he's a great narrator (ever seen Pushing Daisies?) but that voice! Can't do it.

    I just recently listened to Level 2, and I mostly liked it, but didn't you think her Scandinavian accent faltered a lot at the beginning? She seemed to settle into it, though.

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    1. You know, I don't even remember the Scandinavian accent. I remember how she did Autumn, which I think was pretty great. And I remember how she voiced Felicia during the really emotional moments.

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    2. The Scandinavian accent was for the voice of Mira. :D

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  3. This is a great post! I don't listen to audiobooks a lot, but when I do I am extremely picky about the narrator, and I think you hit the nail on the head with this list, as all of these things can make or break an audiobook.

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  4. Ooooh! I'm still very new to audiobooks, so I'm taking notes on all the titles you mentioned. One audiobook I did enjoy was THE RAVEN BOYS. The narrator hit each of the points you mentioned nearly perfectly.

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    1. I've heard a lot of great things about the Raven Boys audio. I think I will give that one a shot.

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  5. I just had to give up on Shatter Me because the narration was SO FREAKING BAD.

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  6. I also prefer female readers. But there a good, adequate and not very good, just like male narrators. In general a British voice is a good bet, but there are a few good US female readers(I am an American male) I use librivox and internet archive most of the time because I am on a low ssi disability. I had a trial with Amazon's Audible audio books. I don't like the fact that you cannot play their files in your preferred player on your pc. They had two or three professional sounding male narrators for parts 3 and 4(the idiot). They were horrible and read too fasct. For Librivox, a man by the name of Martin Geeson did an amazing job reading Dostoevsky's "the idiot" parts one and two. He reads at a nice human pace. When he introduces himself he sounds so unassuming and rather gentle. But he has such a subtle and seemless of changing his voice, he covered all the characters, male and female amazingly.

    dahszil
    male
    usa

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  7. One of the very, very best of audiobook readers I have listened to is Kate Redding (I hope this is how her name is spelt) reading 'The Host' by Stephanie Meyer. Whether old man or woman... child or teenager, the voice characterisations are so good, one finds it difficult to reconcile the voice with only one female reader.

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